Common Found Species (Animals) in Bukit Lawang, North Sumatra, and Gunung Leuser National Park

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Before human settlement in Bukit Lawang began in the 1960s, animals that already lived there and in Gunung Leuser National became native inhabitants. Animals have been present in the core area and the buffer zones that are now human settlements since the beginning, and those who came here transformed the area into houses, hotels, inns, bungalows, guesthouses, shops, and gardens. there has to be a complex understanding that expected will be able to create reasonable and acceptable public opinion that we must be willing to share our space and our time with animals surrounding Bukit Lawang.

The protection of Indonesia’s biodiversity is threatened by illegal wildlife trade. The prevalence of this wildlife trade activity might result in scarcity, ecosystem imbalance, and even the extinction of some species, given the significance of wild animals in maintaining the integrity of the ecosystem. The spreading of zoonotic diseases and being transmitted are just another serious danger posed by the wildlife trade. As a local migration route for animals from the main area of Gunung Leuser National Park, Bukit Lawang is a village that has to be safeguarded from this threat.

MAMMALS

1. Crab-Eating Macaque (Macaca fascicularis).

macaca fascicularis

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Cercopithecidae
Genus: Macaca
Species: M. fascicularis

2. Thomas’s Langur (Presbytis thomasi).

presbytis thomasi 1

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Cercopithecidae
Genus: Presbytis

3. Pig-Tailed Macaques (Macaca nemestrina).

macaca nemestrina

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Cercopithecidae
Genus: Macaca
Species: M. nemestrina

4. Sumatran Slow Loris (Nycticebus hilleri).

sumatran slow loris nycticebus hilleri bukit lawang leuser

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Strepsirrhini
Family: Lorisidae
Genus: Nycticebus
Species: N. hilleri

5. Sunda Slow Loris (Nycticebus coucang).

nycticebus coucang

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Strepsirrhini
Family: Lorisidae
Genus: Nycticebus
Species: N. coucang

6. Asian Palm Civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus).

asian palm civet paradoxurus hermaphroditus bukit lawang sumatra leuser

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Feliformia
Family: Viverridae
Genus: Paradoxurus
Species: P. hermaphroditus

7. Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii).

female orangutan and her baby

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Hominidae
Genus: Pongo
Species: P. abelii

8. Silvery Lutung (Trachypithecus cristatus).

silvery lutung trachypithecus cristatus bukit lawang sumatra

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Cercopithecidae
Genus: Trachypithecus
Species: T. cristatus

9. White-Handed Gibbon (Hylobates lar).

white handed gibbon hylobates lar

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Hylobatidae
Genus: Hylobates
Species: H. lar

10. Leopard Cat (Prionailurus bengalensis).

leopard cat prionailurus bengalensis

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Feliformia
Family: Felidae
Subfamily: Felinae
Genus: Prionailurus
Species: P. bengalensis

11. Plantain Squirrel (Callosciurus notatus).

plantain squirrel callosciurus notatus

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Sciuridae
Genus: Callosciurus
Species: C. notatus

REPTILES

1. Oriental Garden Lizard (Calotes versicolor).

oriental garden lizard calotes versicolor bukit lawang sumatra sumeco

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Iguania
Family: Agamidae
Genus: Calotes
Species: C. versicolor

2. Asian Water Monitor (Varanus salvator).

asian water monitor varanus salvator

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Varanidae
Genus: Varanus
Subgenus: Soterosaurus
Species: V. salvator

3. Striped Bronzeback (Dendrelaphis caudolineatus).

striped bronzeback dendrelaphis caudolineatus bukit lawang

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Colubridae
Genus: Dendrelaphis
Species: D. caudolineatus

4. Painted Bronzeback (Dendrelaphis pictus).

dendrelaphis pictus painted bronzeback

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Colubridae
Genus: Dendrelaphis
Species: D. pictus

5. Elegant Bronzeback (Dendrelaphis formosus).

dendrelaphis formosus bukit lawang sumatra

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Colubridae
Genus: Dendrelaphis
Species: D. formosus

6. Wagler’s Pit Viper (Tropidolaemus wagleri).

waglers pit viper tropidolaemus wagleri

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Viperidae
Genus: Tropidolaemus
Species: T. wagleri

7. Twin-Barred Tree Snake (Chrysopelea pelias).

twin barred tree snake chrysopelea pelias

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Colubridae
Genus: Chrysopelea
Species: C. pelias

8. Golden Flying Snake (Chrysopelea ornata).

golden flying snake chrysopelea ornata

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Colubridae
Genus: Chrysopelea
Species: C. ornata

8. Gold-ringed Cat Snake (Boiga dendrophila).

gold ringed cat snake boiga dendrophila bukit lawang north sumatra gunung leuser national park

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Colubridae
Genus: Boiga
Species: B. dendrophila

9. King Cobra (Ophiophagus hannah)

king cobra bukit lawang hill resort

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Elapidae
Subfamily: Elapinae
Genus: Ophiophagus
Species: O. hannah

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